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Cardiologists utilize echocardiography to produce pictures of the heart's valves and chambers and evaluate the pumping action of the heart. An echocardiogram is often combined with Doppler ultrasound to evaluate blood flow across the heart's valves.

TCD - (Transcranial ultrasound)

Carotid Artery

Carotid artery disease is a major risk factor for stroke. The buildup of cholesterol plaques in your carotid arteries can create blood clots. If these clots break off, they can travel to your brain and cause a stroke. We utilize carotid duplex scanning to test for narrowed carotid arteries that indicate an increased risk of stroke. The narrowing of carotid arteries is usually caused by plaque, a buildup of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances that circulate in the bloodstream. 

Arterial and Venous Duplex Studies

Arterial duplex and venous duplex studies are performed to detect the presence, location, and severity of arterial and venous vascular diseases. We detect how well blood is flowing through the blood vessels and reveal any blockages.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Assessment

The abdominal aorta is the artery that runs through the middle of the abdomen, supplying blood to the lower half of the body. It can develop an aneurysm, which is a localized, balloon-like expansion caused by having weak walls. If an aneurysm is suspected, an aorta duplex ultrasound is performed, which provides information about blood flow through the aorta, may be performed. Detecting an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is crucial because, if it ruptures, blood spills into the abdominal cavity, and death can result within a number of minutes.

What is a Transcranial Doppler scan?

A Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is a fifteen-minute, non-invasive painless, extremely safe ultrasound test which looks at all of the major arteries and vessels of the Circle of Willis. This allows for the assessment of a patient’s risk of stroke/ocular stroke by measuring the ophthalmic artery and cerebral vascular blood flow.

A TCD is effective for diagnosing emboli, stenosis, vasospasm from a subarachnoid hemorrhage (bleeding from a ruptured aneurysm), and other problems. It can also detect sickle cell disease, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, subarachnoid hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformations, and cerebral circulatory arrest.

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